Blogger Seedoo post on October 2012 DAWN.com’s article “Drone strikes in Orakzai kill 16 suspected militants”, argues that drones are an unfortunate necessity in Pakistan until the Pakistani government declares open war against the TTP. Seedoo supports this claim by listing the agencies necessary to have a uniform commitment to defeat the TTP and a metaphor of one’s house being in order. His purpose is to refute blogger’s Amhed’s claim that Drones are not the solution in order to illustrate that there are certain prerequisites Pakistan’s government must enact before it can be independent of U.S drone intervention. He establishes an understanding relationship with his audience of fellow bloggers who are predominantly Pakistani yet read and write in English so probably are classically educated and see their way of life threatened by TTP activity.
Caption: Bill Roggio in his April 2012 interview on Military Drone Use aired on C-SPAN Washington Journal explains why the US has expanded authority and adopted the use of “signature strikes”. Roggio informs his audience by including drone statistics, official statements, and from work his news journal, the Long War. His purpose is to abate growing fears of drone activity and expansion in order to offer a clearer public understanding of a complicated and intricate military initiative. He establishes a concerned relationship with his audience of politically involved viewers that are worried about military action and may not fully understand how drones work are and what drones may mean for national security.
Jo Becker and Scott Shane’s May 2012 New York Times Article , Secret ‘Kill list’ Proves a Test of Obama’s Principles and Will, argues that Mr. Obama has vowed to fight Al Queda with American values and understands the moral and legal conundrums that arise when designating terrorists for kill or capture (a process called nominations) . Becker and Shane support their argument by outlining the executive procedure of “nominations” and including statements by Mr. Obama and Mr. Brennan, Mr. Obama’s top counter-terrorism adviser. Becker and Shane’s purpose is to prove that Obama’s process of “nominations” is morally driven and meticulously reviewed in order to refute opposition claims that terrorist targets aren’t chosen with moral consciousness. Becker and Shane establish an informative relationship with his audience of educated middle class readers of both print and digital news who know of drone warfare and of its growing opposition, and who find national security and foreign relations important topics.
P.W Singer’s March 2011 interview by TEDTalk in response to the speech above argues that we should asking ‘the critical questions” like ‘what is right or wrong’ with modern warfare techniques and claiming this discussion “does not need to be talked about solely with the military”. Singer supports his argument by including science fiction metaphors, military statistics and experience, and research from his book Wired for War. His purpose is to raise awareness of the effectiveness of Drone warfare in order to include more than just military personal in a public discussion about drones. Singer establishes an authoritative relationship with a highly-educated audience that are probably politically involved and want national security and safety from possible terrorist threats.
This interview is included to explain the technical side of the Drone warfare from someone who is now published on the subject. TEDTalks is an excellent source for information and understands interesting conversations that need to be had – therefor for me it was vital to include a source from TEDTalks. Singer’s speech was pathos driven yet rung true also with his research which kept the argument based in logic.
Singer, P.W, (2009, April 3) Video Interview with TedTalks; “Pakistan, Afghanistan and Battlestar Galactica”
Singer, P.W (2009, February). Military Robots and the Future of War.Presented at TedTalks <http://blog.ted.com/2009/04/03/pakistan_afgani/>
The Onion’s satirical article “Pakistani Boy, US Drone form Unlikely Friendship” on November 2, 2012 suggests that the Pakistani and American relationship is strained. This claim is supported by the Onion’s fictional story of a Pakistani boy and Drone becoming friends and the comical image above grabs viewer’s attention. The purpose of this article is to raise awareness of Pakistan’s distrust and dwindling relationship with the US in order to call for better Pakistani relations. There is a affable relationship with the audience of readers who are casual enough to not be offended by America’s personification in this article but understand the importance of foreign relations.
The ONION, “Pakistani Boy, U.S Drone Form Unlikely Friendship” November 2, 2012, issue 48-44
James Bridle posted Nov 8 2012, the blog ‘Dronstagragm: The Drone’s Eye View’ argues that these locations (Yemen, Pakistan, Afghanistan) are not so ‘foreign’ – these are places where real people live and are under attack. Bridle’s argument is supported by the inclusion of actual photo’s from drones found from reputable sources within the U.K Bureau of Investigative Journalism. His purpose is to add pathos to the drone discussion and elicit viewer’s sympathy for people who live in these conflict areas in order to gain signatures on the ‘drone wars UK’s petitions to end the secrecy around British drone strikes’ attached the site. Bridle establishes an encouraging relationship with the audience of readers who have an internet presence like Twitter, Tumblr, and Instagram who engage in online discussions of politics and foreign policies.
Reddit’s meme of ‘Sudden Clarity Clarence‘ (generated by quickmeme) posted on the internet news site in November 2012, suggests that the U.S use of drones is immoral. The anonymous poster supports his claim by using the verb ‘hunt’ to describe the Drone’s behavior and implies it’s likeness to a predator, he furthers this claim by presenting a metaphor that the U.S is the same as ‘the empire’ from Star Wars. His purpose is to raise awareness of the role that the U.S military has in the war on terror in order to bring skepticism and more critical thought on the military actions. There is a jovial relationship between the author and the audience of Reddit.com that understand Star Wars references and are entertained by satire.
‘Sudden clarity Clarence’ published by QuickMeme, http://www.quickmeme.com/meme/3rlzep/