P.W Singer’s March 2011 interview by TEDTalk in response to the speech above argues that we should asking ‘the critical questions” like ‘what is right or wrong’ with modern warfare techniques and claiming this discussion “does not need to be talked about solely with the military”. Singer supports his argument by including science fiction metaphors, military statistics and experience, and research from his book Wired for War. His purpose is to raise awareness of the effectiveness of Drone warfare in order to include more than just military personal in a public discussion about drones. Singer establishes an authoritative relationship with a highly-educated audience that are probably politically involved and want national security and safety from possible terrorist threats.
This interview is included to explain the technical side of the Drone warfare from someone who is now published on the subject. TEDTalks is an excellent source for information and understands interesting conversations that need to be had – therefor for me it was vital to include a source from TEDTalks. Singer’s speech was pathos driven yet rung true also with his research which kept the argument based in logic.
Singer, P.W, (2009, April 3) Video Interview with TedTalks; “Pakistan, Afghanistan and Battlestar Galactica”
Singer, P.W (2009, February). Military Robots and the Future of War.Presented at TedTalks <http://blog.ted.com/2009/04/03/pakistan_afgani/>
James Bridle posted Nov 8 2012, the blog ‘Dronstagragm: The Drone’s Eye View’ argues that these locations (Yemen, Pakistan, Afghanistan) are not so ‘foreign’ – these are places where real people live and are under attack. Bridle’s argument is supported by the inclusion of actual photo’s from drones found from reputable sources within the U.K Bureau of Investigative Journalism. His purpose is to add pathos to the drone discussion and elicit viewer’s sympathy for people who live in these conflict areas in order to gain signatures on the ‘drone wars UK’s petitions to end the secrecy around British drone strikes’ attached the site. Bridle establishes an encouraging relationship with the audience of readers who have an internet presence like Twitter, Tumblr, and Instagram who engage in online discussions of politics and foreign policies.
Al Jazeera’s December 2011 video “US Drones ‘causing mental trauma’ in Pakistan, argues that “escalating drone strikes targeting armed groups injure many ordinary people” in Pakistan. Al Jazeera supports this claim by including footage from inside a mental hospital with victims of PTSD, quotes from those victims, and statistics of the civilian causalities since 2004. The purpose of this video is to raise awareness of the mental consequences of drone strikes in Pakistan villages in order to elicit sympathy for these victims to end drone strikes in Pakistan. There is a sympathetic relationship established with the Al Jazeera audience who – being mostly from the Middle-east, can identify with the ravages of this conflict and would be touched by the sad footage.
Last Modified: 14 Dec 2011 03:55
Reddit’s meme of ‘Sudden Clarity Clarence‘ (generated by quickmeme) posted on the internet news site in November 2012, suggests that the U.S use of drones is immoral. The anonymous poster supports his claim by using the verb ‘hunt’ to describe the Drone’s behavior and implies it’s likeness to a predator, he furthers this claim by presenting a metaphor that the U.S is the same as ‘the empire’ from Star Wars. His purpose is to raise awareness of the role that the U.S military has in the war on terror in order to bring skepticism and more critical thought on the military actions. There is a jovial relationship between the author and the audience of Reddit.com that understand Star Wars references and are entertained by satire.
‘Sudden clarity Clarence’ published by QuickMeme, http://www.quickmeme.com/meme/3rlzep/