Blogger Seedoo post on October 2012 DAWN.com’s article “Drone strikes in Orakzai kill 16 suspected militants”, argues that drones are an unfortunate necessity in Pakistan until the Pakistani government declares open war against the TTP. Seedoo supports this claim by listing the agencies necessary to have a uniform commitment to defeat the TTP and a metaphor of one’s house being in order. His purpose is to refute blogger’s Amhed’s claim that Drones are not the solution in order to illustrate that there are certain prerequisites Pakistan’s government must enact before it can be independent of U.S drone intervention. He establishes an understanding relationship with his audience of fellow bloggers who are predominantly Pakistani yet read and write in English so probably are classically educated and see their way of life threatened by TTP activity.
Caption: Bill Roggio in his April 2012 interview on Military Drone Use aired on C-SPAN Washington Journal explains why the US has expanded authority and adopted the use of “signature strikes”. Roggio informs his audience by including drone statistics, official statements, and from work his news journal, the Long War. His purpose is to abate growing fears of drone activity and expansion in order to offer a clearer public understanding of a complicated and intricate military initiative. He establishes a concerned relationship with his audience of politically involved viewers that are worried about military action and may not fully understand how drones work are and what drones may mean for national security.
Jo Becker and Scott Shane’s May 2012 New York Times Article , Secret ‘Kill list’ Proves a Test of Obama’s Principles and Will, argues that Mr. Obama has vowed to fight Al Queda with American values and understands the moral and legal conundrums that arise when designating terrorists for kill or capture (a process called nominations) . Becker and Shane support their argument by outlining the executive procedure of “nominations” and including statements by Mr. Obama and Mr. Brennan, Mr. Obama’s top counter-terrorism adviser. Becker and Shane’s purpose is to prove that Obama’s process of “nominations” is morally driven and meticulously reviewed in order to refute opposition claims that terrorist targets aren’t chosen with moral consciousness. Becker and Shane establish an informative relationship with his audience of educated middle class readers of both print and digital news who know of drone warfare and of its growing opposition, and who find national security and foreign relations important topics.
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On the impact of science fiction, P.W Singer the author of Wired for War and military analyst says, “It is important that people realize that this (science fiction) is not just popular culture, but there is a productive aspect – an ability to give understanding of how the world works.” Comic book heroes are an American staple. Characters are often marred in conflict and the mission is essential homeland security. Serve and protect the unsuspecting townspeople from terrors unimaginable. Yet there are some characters that play a more volatile role in society. Vigilante. A masked crusader that does the work that no one else can do clandestine and shrouded in secrecy. Have Unmanned weapons become such masked vigilantes? Are drones such vigilantes, as they fly silent over terrorist’s heads and strike before the terrorists do all in the name of our safety? Perhaps Two-Face from Batman : The Dark Knight best captured this moral question, “Your either die a hero, or live long enough to see yourself become the villain.”
Dina Templeton-Rastons N.P.R news segment “US Drones navigate Murky Legal Path in Pakistan” aired in October, 2012 argues that the U.S has the right to issue drone strikes in Pakistan. Templeton supports her argument by quoting State Department officers, Treasury Department officers, and international law. Her purpose is to raise his reader’s awareness of the tenuous nature of international law concerning drone strikes in order to assure them that the drone attacks are legal. She establishes a professional tone with audience of educated, informed Americans who would respect the experts she includes.
This article has particular significance to me because this is a logos argument that cites several reputable sources. It is necessary to have some standing Washington opinions on this technology especially from foreign affairs officers. These officer’s mission is clear – to seek what is best course for the U.S while being conscious of foreign involvement and opinion. The argument present in this article therefor is strong and informs the readers about this daunting legal issue of military weapons.
Temple-Raston, Dina (2012, October 6). U.S Drones Navigate Murky Legal Path in Pakistan. National Public Radio. Retreived online from http://www.npr.org/2012/10/06/162395399/u-s-drones-navigate-murky-legal-path-in-pakistan
P.W Singer’s March 2011 interview by TEDTalk in response to the speech above argues that we should asking ‘the critical questions” like ‘what is right or wrong’ with modern warfare techniques and claiming this discussion “does not need to be talked about solely with the military”. Singer supports his argument by including science fiction metaphors, military statistics and experience, and research from his book Wired for War. His purpose is to raise awareness of the effectiveness of Drone warfare in order to include more than just military personal in a public discussion about drones. Singer establishes an authoritative relationship with a highly-educated audience that are probably politically involved and want national security and safety from possible terrorist threats.
This interview is included to explain the technical side of the Drone warfare from someone who is now published on the subject. TEDTalks is an excellent source for information and understands interesting conversations that need to be had – therefor for me it was vital to include a source from TEDTalks. Singer’s speech was pathos driven yet rung true also with his research which kept the argument based in logic.
Singer, P.W, (2009, April 3) Video Interview with TedTalks; “Pakistan, Afghanistan and Battlestar Galactica”
Singer, P.W (2009, February). Military Robots and the Future of War.Presented at TedTalks <http://blog.ted.com/2009/04/03/pakistan_afgani/>
A Majeed’s photo captures Imran Khan’s rally for peace in Pakistan October 2012, he asserts that Pakistan needs peace – which Imran Khan can bring to Pakistan. Majeed supports his assertion by highlighting Imran Khan’s as a leader of people’s rights, Majeed focuses the Image on Imran Khan . Majeed’s purpose is to inform his Al Jazeera audience about the Imran Khan anti-drone peaceprtoest in order to demand that peace for Pakistan is an important matter that can be accomplished by electing Imran Khan to a central government position. Majeed establishes a empathetic relationship with his audience of pakistani’s and other middle-eastern people who find the U.S intervention in middle-east affairs threatening.
A Majeed “Anti-Drone Protests in Pakistan” , October 7 2012, published by Al Jazeera a GETTY image